HealthWatch: State of the world's health

The Lancet has published its Global Burden of Disease study 2015, which assesses the state of the world’s health. Some of the main findings include:

  • Life expectancy has risen but seven out of 10 deaths are now due to non-communicable diseases
  • Headaches, tooth cavities, and hearing and vision loss each affect more than one in 10 people
  • Progress has been made on reducing unsafe water and sanitation, but diet, obesity and drug use is an increasing threat
  • More than 275,000 women died in pregnancy or childbirth in 2015, most from preventable causes
  • Deaths in children under five years have halved since 1990, but there has been slower progress on reducing newborn deaths.

The world population has gained more than a decade of life expectancy since 1980, rising to 69.0 years in men and 74.8 years in women in 2015, the report says. An important contributor to this has been large falls in death rates for many communicable diseases, particularly in the last 10 years, including HIV/AIDS, malaria, and diarrhoea.

The rate of people dying from cardiovascular disease and cancers has also fallen, although at a slower pace.

The number of annual deaths has increased from roughly 48 million in 1990 to almost 56 million in 2015. Some 70 per cent (40 million) of global deaths in 2015 were due to non-communicable diseases, including ischaemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, and drug use disorders.

In 2015, an estimated 1.2 million deaths were due to HIV/AIDS (down 33.5 per cent since 2005), and 730,500 were due to malaria (down 37 per cent since 2005).

Recommended

GP DMIRS could send 20m patients to community pharmacy

Two pharmacists shortlisted for parliamentary awards




This website is for healthcare professionals, people who work in pharmacy and pharmacy students. By clicking into any content, you confirm this describes you and that you agree to Pharmacy Magazine's Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

We use essential, performance, functional and advertising cookies to give you a better web experience. Find out how to manage these cookies here. We also use Interest Based Advertising Cookies to display relevant advertisements on this and other websites based on your viewing behaviour. By clicking "Accept" you agree to the use of these Cookies and our Cookie Policy.